Print Project Proposal: Ireland’s Reaction to the Age of Revolution

The Age of Revolution swept across the Americas and Europe, promoting patriotic rhetoric alongside anxieties surrounding change.  Between 1650 and 1750 “revolution” changed from a lowercase word to an uppercase one, emphasizing a shift in thinking.  England, having gone through its own “Glorious Revolution” in 1688, largely reacted to these new revolutions with fear.  This response has been publicized in popular literature, such as Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities, but what did the Irish have to say about these changing times?

Relations between England and Ireland have not been without their challenges.  Filled with rebellions, battles and political strife, Ireland’s history leading up to the Age of Revolution is filled with English oppression.  So how did they react when one of England’s other colonies revolted against it and won?  Or how did they feel about the bloody Revolution just across the English Channel?  I hope to find the answers to these questions by looking into Irish newspaper articles from 1750 to 1800.

My original inquiry was sparked by a search on Google Ngram.  The change in the word from “revolution” to “Revolution” has been documented in the literature of the time.  I wanted to look deeper into public opinion by looking at newspapers.  The British Newspaper Archive, partnered with The British Library, has digitized 30,357,848 pages from the 1700s from both English and Irish newspapers.  This resource allows for searches of specific people, places, events, and more.  By using the advanced search you can narrow your field to specific time periods, newspapers, countries, and regions. 

I propose using this resource to analyze the emotions toward the Revolutions of America and around Europe amongst the people of Ireland.  This resource provides allows me access to thousands of Irish newspapers from the time period.  By narrowing my search to cover papers between 1750 and 1800 I can make my search a little more manageable, especially when I look at one or two newspapers, such as the Dublin Evening Post and Saunders’s News Letter. 

Some challenges to this project will be, while narrowing my scope, ensuring I have close to equal representation of different social classes.  Research into the demographics where the newspapers are printed should help with this obstacle. Research from secondary sources will be necessary to provide further context that the newspapers could not provide. By combining primary sources and secondary sources I hope to represent Ireland’s reaction t the changing times of the mid- to late eighteenth century. 

Expressing Yourself With WordPress

There are many forms of expression.  Some people paint, some write poetry and others blog.  The process of writing something and posting it in a place where it could possibly to be read by thousands of people can be exhilarating and terrifying.  But when you feel you have something important to say or a dying need to share then a blog is a great place to do that.  There are many different platforms to choose from, but WordPress is user friendly and very accessible.  All you need to get started is an account and an idea.

The idea is an important bit because shortly after entering your email, username and password WordPress asks for the title of the site and the primary goal of the site.  The name you make up on your own (ex. Digitize and Historicize), but there is a selection of goals to choose from, such as educate, share and promote.  WordPress also asks for your comfort level (1-5) in creating a website so the platform can cater to your needs, which is reassuring (I personally chose 3).  From here you give your site an address and domain, probably along the same lines as your title (ex. and choose your plan.  Starting out with a Personal plan gives you a year free before you need to start paying, so you can get comfortable with blogging before you need to fully commit.  Once that is done you have a functioning WordPress blog. Congrats, now for the personalizing bits.

When you first open your account you will be sent to your dashboard, where you can create a new blog post, edit old ones, structure your blog, check the stats of your blog, and a lot more.  There are a lot of tabs to go through so I’m going to take it from the top.  The first tab on the left, below “My Site,” is “View Site.”  This tab is how you access the public facing view of your website.  It shows what visitors to your site see from different views (computer, tablet and phone), your site address and the option to visit the site.

Your next tab is “Stats.”  “Stats” shows the traffic of your site, like the number of views, visitors, likes, and comments.  It also gives “Insights” of your posts, like how much you have posted, your followers, tags, and monthly and annual site stats.  You can also view your followers from here and add people to follow you.

The “Activity” tab tracks your events, like when you posted, and what you have done on your site, like edits.  This tab kind of functions like a timeline of your blogs life from creation to first theme edit to first post.

The “Plan” tab gives you access the other plans WordPress provides so you can upgrade to a higher plan whenever it is convenient for you.

Now you have reached the Manage tabs where you can click on “Site Pages” to edit and view your published pages, like your Contact page that was automatically created when the site was opened.  The “Blog Posts” tab functions the same as the “Site Pages” except for your posts instead of pages.  “Media” is where you can upload media, such as photos, documents and audio.  On this tab you can also make small edits before your media is published.

Your “Comments” tab is your control over the comments posted on your site.  You can view all your comments, see pending ones, and decide to approve or trash them.

“Feedback” tab, to my understanding, is where you provide your own feedback of the site.  It looks like a regular post, but when it is published it does not show up on your site.  To be honest I have been playing with this tab for a while and still do not know exactly what it is supposed to accomplish.  If you discover any insight while exploring then I welcome your feedback.

Moving on, the “Portfolio” tab lets you create projects and posts on these projects.  The “Plugins” section gives you access to the multitude of plugins you can attach to your site, such as a Social Media Share Button.  Many of these plugins require a Business plan account.  The “Import” tab allows you to import content from other sites, whether that be from other WordPress sites, or Wix.

Now, after this long exhausted list of tabs, you can personalize your website using the “Customize” tab.  This tab directs you to a page where you can change the theme, font, colors, add and delete elements, attach widgets, and define your site’s identity.  This is where you make your site your own before you even start posting.

Once you have customized your site to your heart’s content you can look to the Configuring section to the “Share” tab.  Here you can connect your site to social media pages, such as Facebook or Twitter.  

Below that is the “People” tab where you can invite people to your team and together you can add to the website.  “Domains” gives you the opportunity to change your site address if you decide it no longer fits your website.  Finally, the “Settings” tab is where you can edit your site’s title, tagline, add an icon, adjust language, and manage your privacy settings.

Lastly if you did not find this post helpful to your journey to discover WordPress then there is a small question mark in the bottom right corner of your dashboard.  You can type in your question about the site and it will try to provide an answer. 

Happy blogging.

*Click* Upload and Discuss

Launched February 10, 2004, Flickr is an online photo management and sharing resource for a wide range of people from amateur photographers to professional institutions.  Over its fifteen years of existence, Flickr has evolved from a photo sharing site into the social media outlet it is today.  There are a lot of tabs to go through so lets get started!

In order to begin you need a Yahoo account.  Do not worry if you do not have one, simply use your personal email (Gmail, Outlook, Hotmail, etc.) and Flickr will translate it into a Yahoo account for your login or you have the option to create your own Yahoo account if you prefer.  Once you fill out all your personal information (name, email, password) and enter the confirmation code sent to your email you are ready to get started sharing your photos.

When you first login your are sent to the Home page, where you can start exploring your photo interests by looking through all Flickr activity, people and groups.

To upload, click the cloud-with-arrow icon (hencforth to be known as the “upload cloud”) in the top right corner of the page.  This will lead you to the upload page where you can either click “choose photos and videos to upload” or drag them from your desktop.  Once you finish dragging your photos onto the site you can rename, tag, change privacy settings, and make other small adjustments before clicking the blue Upload button.  When your photos are uploaded you will be sent to your Photostream page.

At the top left of every page are your main drop-down tabs; You, Explore, Create, and Get Pro.  The You tab brings you to your personal page and functions like a blog Dashboard.  From here you can access your About page and view your Photostream, where you were sent after uploading your photos and basically the library of the photos you have uploaded. 

You can put together Albums, view your Faves or favorite photos you have found while looking through Flickr.  You also have the option to edit and create Galleries, which are different from Albums because they are made of your “Faves” photos instead of your photos.  You can view Groups you are a member of or create Groups and discussions.  The Stats tab is for Pro members and it allows you to track which of your photos are trending.  The Camera Roll tab is where you can edit the privacy settings of your photos.

Back to the top left tabs, the Explore tab leads to Trending and the Best Shot of 2018.  Explore is similar to the Flickr Home page because it also presents you with multiple photos that may or may not interest interest you.

The Create tab at the top leads to Blurb, which is a photobook application partnered with Flickr.  The Get Pro tab is the startup page for Flickr membership plans.  Instead of having a free account you can set up an annual or monthly payment plan that comes with special benefits.  

By using the search bar, located on the right top side of the screen near the upload cloud, you can look for photos, people or groups.  For example, searching “History” will result in multiple images, organizations and groups.  You can decide to Follow People or Join a Group. 

The pages for People are set up the same as yours, but Groups have some differences.  In a Group, discussions can be facilitated.  In the case of Flickr: History Group, discussions involve interactions between members conversing on different subjects, ranging from specific dates in history to time travelling.  This is a great way for members who are not photographically inclined to participate in dialogue on Flickr.

Flickr allows verbal and visual communication between its users.  Whether they are sharing their art or conversing over subjects of common interest.  It is a common ground between amateurs and professionals to share visions.

Introducing Kaylee


My name is Kaylee Redard and I am a first year Public History Masters student.  I am from Reading, Massachusetts, my favorite color is blue and I have a cat named Rogue.  I went to Franklin Pierce University for my undergrad, graduating with a Major in European History, double Minors in Public History and English, and a Women in Leadership Certificate.  Before finding the Public History world I wanted to be a teacher so I started in Education, but soon realized the classroom was not where I was meant to be.  I still love to teach, but I found education in museums is where I feel most at home.  I enjoy the freedom of informal learning that Public History provides visitors, young and old.

My internships at the Longfellow House – Washington’s Headquarters National Historic Site and at Susan B. Anthony’s Birthplace Museum gave me some experience with visitor education programs.  At the Longfellow House I helped with the Junior Ranger program and at Susan B. Anthony’s I created some educational interactive sheets for visitors to use while they visited the house.  It was at the Susan B. Anthony Museum that I first dabbled in digital history.  The museum is very involved with the community and its history and I was instructed to find historic places, describe them and geo-locate them for an app they wanted to create.  Laying the groundwork for this project was very exciting and different from other forms of education I had previously done.  Through this app visitors could go beyond Susan’s home to the world around her.

Now I am the Digital Intern at the National Library for the Study of George Washington at Mount Vernon and also a Visitor Services Associate at the new National Law Enforcement Museum.  Both sites use digital methods to spread knowledge and interact with their visitors.  Digital history is a great way to connect with visitors; especially in the technological world we live in today and I look forward to learning all I can.